It was first extracted and identified in the mid-1800's and was used for medical purposes to treat a variety of illnesses. Psychiatrist Sigmund Freud, described it as a "magical drug". In 1910, the first documented cases of problems associated with cocaine were recorded in medical journals and seen in many hospitals. In 1914, the U. S. made cocaine illegal. John Pemberton owned a chemist's store, and had invented numerous patent medicines. Despite his success, he focused on patenting a new drink that would earn him recognition in scientific history. The huge success of Vin Mariani, a wine which had coca leafs in as an ingredient, inspired Dr. Pemberton. He launched Pemberton's French Wine Coca in 1885.